What Is WEB5, and Where Is WEB4?

On June 10, TBD, a subsidiary of Block, Twitter founder Jack Dorsey announced the launch of the Web5 platform. Web 1, 2, 3, and now Web 5? But where is Web 4?



From static web to collaborative web

In the beginning, what we now call Web1 was simply known as the Web. At this stage, the first websites, portals, and online services were developed and users could only read information without the possibility of direct interaction. Since no interaction between users was possible. Those who had access to the web only consumed content that was made available on the one-way communication network, and for this reason, the Web1 was also called the “static web”.

As web-supporting technologies evolved, Web2 was gradually introduced with the emergence and proliferation of social networks and all applications such as blogs, forums, and podcasts that enabled new forms of collaborative communication.

Users started communicating with each other and sharing their content. At this stage, the user, who was once only a passive actor, became the owner of creating and managing online content, creating new processes and interactions, which is why Web 2 has been dubbed the ” collaborative web.”



When was web3 created?

It is difficult to pinpoint the exact birth date of Web3. This is because web development is a process and does not have a specific start date. However, many argue that the idea of ​​Web3, which emerged around 2006, is supposed to be the next phase of the Internet. And I say hypothetically because it’s still in its infancy and so we’re not yet sure what the next phase of the web will be.

There is no builder for Web3. It is developed as a collaboration of different people and organizations based on each other. But, in general, those involved in smart contract platforms on blockchains like Ethereum, EOS, and TRON are arguably leading the way in building Web3.

In general, the main goal of Web3 is to try to solve the biggest problem of Web2: the collection of personal data by private networks that enables surveillance capitalism, the actual market of future behavior.

At the core of its innovation, Web3 is a network of decentralized networks not controlled by any entity and composed of platforms that use consensus mechanisms that everyone can trust. In it, decentralized applications (DApps) are built on open networks, and no entity can collect data, or limit or censor anyone’s access, without user consent. In other words, as extracted from the Web3 Foundation’s website, Web3’s mission is to create “a decentralized and fair Internet where users control their data, identity, and destiny.”



But where hasweb4 gone?

After Web3, the next phase of the web isn’t a new version, but an alternative version of what we already have.

Web4, also known as the “mobile web”, has the necessary infrastructure to adapt to the mobile environment.

Web4 enables mobility and voice interaction between users and robots. If the focus in previous websites was on the user’s interaction with the Internet by being in front of the desktop and front of the computer, the focus of Web4 is that the user can use and distribute information regardless of location through mobile devices.

Therefore, Web4 will change the relationship between humans and robots, which will have a symbiotic interaction. In this fourth stage of the web, humans will have constant access to robots and everyday life will become increasingly dependent on machines.



“Web5” or “Emotional Web”

Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the web, gave a TED Talk in 2009 where he already talked about Web5: “the open, connected, intelligent web,” which he called the emotional web.

According to the creator of the web himself, Web5 will be the emotional web. The true form of Web 5 is still taking shape, and from the indications, we’ve had so far, this web, also known as the symbiotic web, will be an interconnected network that communicates with each other (like a personal assistant). ) communicates with us.

His web will be very powerful and run entirely on (emotional) human-computer interaction. Interaction based on neural technology will become a daily habit for many people.

Similarly, in Tim Berners-Lee’s Web 5, users will interact with content that interacts with their emotions or facial recognition changes. In this context, it seems that the “Web 5” announced by Jack Dorsey has nothing to do with the emotional or symbiotic web predicted by Tim Berners-Lee in 2009.



What is Jack Dorsey web5?

TBD, a subsidiary of Block (formerly known as Square), was founded in July 2021 to create “an open platform for developers” with a focus on decentralized finance (DeFi) and Bitcoin (BTC). Now TBD, its first goal is to create “Web 5: an additional decentralized web platform” where users will have full control over their data.



The bottom line

The more initiatives focused on achieving a decentralized web, the better for users. But what is essential here is that such initiatives can bring together all the technical and financial resources and smart people who are committed to the hard work and effort required to create a decentralized web.


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